Targum pseudo jonathan dating

5) that portions of the text of the Bible were "written as a Targum," these doubtless being Biblical passages in an Aramaic translation; and a tannaitic tradition (Shab. Owing to the obsolescence of the dialect, however, the strict observance of the custom ceased in the days of the first geonim. 1056) also sharply criticized the scholars who openly advocated the omission of the reading of it, although according to him the Targum was thus neglected only in the northern provinces of that country (see the responsum in Berliner, "Onḳelos," ii. As a matter of fact, however, the custom did entirely cease in Spain; and only in southern Arabia has it been observed until the present time (see Jacob Saphir, "Eben Sappir," i. Neubauer ("The Book of Tobit," Oxford, 1878), see Dalman, "Grammatik des Jüdisch-Palästinensischen Aramäisch," pp. It is probable, moreover, that a complete Aramaic translation of Ben Sira once existed (ib. Ḥama, who had the reputation of being thoroughly versed in the Targumim to the Prophets, was the author of the Targumim to the Hagiographa.

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Bengtsson discusses three details in the biblical story which may have served to create a connection with the date of Passover.

The detail which provides the strongest midrashic connection is the fact that Rebecca asked Jacob to prepare two kids, which is obviously too much food for one man's meal.

2 One might add that some other rabbinic traditions maintain that this event took place on Passover, basing themselves on the fact that Lot prepared unleavened bread for the angels (Gen 19:3). TPJ tells us that when Jacob called Esau and asked him to prepare a meal for him, Jacob explained that on that evening the heavenly beings praise God and the storehouses of dew are opened.

Others have added that the "cakes" that Abraham asked Sarah to prepare for the angels were unleavened bread, providing further evidence that this took place on Passover. This is clearly a préfiguration of the paschal meal, which is portrayed as a cosmic event even before the Jews were redeemed from Egypt on that night.

However, rabbinic tradition required two kids for the paschal meal, one for...